Volume 19 Num. 2 - June 2019
The Affective Gallery: A Naturalistic Exploration of the Relationship Between Attentional Bias and Depressive Symptoms
Volume 19 Num. 2 - June 2019 - Pages 239-249
Justin Thomas , Marie-Clare Bakker , Ayesha Al Jaberi , Monique Raynor
Eye-movement studies exploring mood disorders and attentional biases have relied heavily on laboratory-based tasks. While this approach has been useful, it may lack ecological validity. The present study aimed to examine attentional bias in a naturalistic setting, exploring how individuals with differing levels of depressive symptomatology look at images in an art gallery. Participants (N= 60), college women, were assessed for depressive symptoms prior to being fitted with a portable eye-tracking device and encouraged to browse an exhibition at Al-Fanoun Art Gallery. The exhibition, staged for the purpose of the study, comprised 12 enlarged images from the International Affective Picture System collection; six positive and six negative. Depressive symptomatology was correlated with longer gaze durations for negative images (dysphoric bias) and also with shorter gaze durations for positive images (anhedonic bias). The study is limited by its use of an all-female student sample. However, these findings support previous studies reporting attentional biases associated with low mood and mood disorders. The methodological innovation demonstrated in the present study may prove helpful for interventions aimed at attentional bias modification.
How to cite this paper: Thomas J, Bakker M-C, Al Jaberi A, & Raynor M (2019). The Affective Gallery: A Naturalistic Exploration of the Relationship Between Attentional Bias and Depressive Symptoms. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 19, 2, 239-249.
THIS PAPER WILL BE AVAILABLE ONLINE IN OPEN ACCESS on June 1st, 2020.
depression, attention, eye-tracking, attentonal bias, affective images.
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- [163-172] Effective Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Treatment for Ethnic Minorities
- [191-202] Measuring the attitudes from Spanish and Catalan people toward Spanish and Catalan Identity with the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure
- [203-215] Emerging Adulthood and Parent-Child Communication: A validation study with Perception Scale of Parenting Communication
- [217-227] Peculiarities of the motivating needs sphere of TV viewers with different television preferences