International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 11 Num. 2 - June 2011


Prevalencia y consecuencias del cyberbullying: una revisi?n

Volume 11 Num. 2 - June 2011 - Pages 233-254


Maite Garaigordobil


This paper reviews the studies of a new form of peer harassment, cyber-bullying (CB), which uses new information and communication technologies, mostly Internet and mobile phones, to harass colleagues. We analyzed the studies that have investigated the prevalence and effects of CB. The results of this review reveal a high prevalence of CB in all countries. Approximately, 40% and 55% of students are involved in some way (victims, perpetrators, observers), between 20% and 50% reported experiences of victimization, but only between 2% and 7% have suffered severely. It confirms variations according to the country, ages of the samples, and the time period over which information is requested. Regarding the effects, studies show that cyber-victims experience anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, stress, fear, low self-esteem, feelings of anger and frustration, helplessness, nervousness, irritability, somatization, sleep disturbances, and concentration difficulties that affect their academic performance; whereas cyber-attackers show a lack of empathy, aggressive and criminal behavior, higher use of alcohol and drugs, dependence on technology, and truancy. The discussion focuses on the importance of taking action to prevent CB and on intervention when it has already occurred.

Key words:

cyberbullying, violence, childhood, adolescence, ICT

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