International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 10 Num. 2 - June 2010


Development and validation of a questionnaire to measure exposure to violence in childhood and adolescence.

Volume 10 Num. 2 - June 2010 - Pages 279-292


Izaskun Orue , Esther Calvete


The main aim of this study was to develop a short ques-tionnaire to assess children?s and adolescents? exposure to violence in several contexts (school, home, neighborhood and TV). The Exposure to Violence Questionnaire includes both witnessing violence and direct victimization and its items refer to physical and verbal aggression. Participants (1896 scholars, aged 8 to 17) flled in this questionnaire along with the Reactive Proactive aggression Questionnaire and the justifcation of violence scale. The confrmatory factor analysis supported the hierarchical structure proposed, in which the second order factors consisted of the context where the exposure takes place. The scales of the questionnaire showed good internal consistency. Furthermore, exposure to violence in every context was related to reactive and proactive aggressive behavior as well as to the justifcation of violence schema.

Key words:

exposure to violence, victimization, aggression, justifcation of violence.

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