Volume 10 Num. 3 - October 2010
Theory of Mind in Young People with Down?s Syndrome
Volume 10 Num. 3 - October 2010 - Pages 363-385
Francisco Javier Molina Cobos , M. Carmen Amador Castro
The ability to describe, assign and attribute certain mental states is referred to as Theory of Mind. This topic has been extensively studied in the field of autism, where deficits in social interaction skills that characterize this disorder are thought to be due to a lack of a Theory of Mind. However, there is also evidence that children with developmental disabilities have difficulties in solving tasks concerning the attribution of mental states. In this paper, we present two studies that have been conducted with young people with Down?s Syndrome and developmental delay with a task in which they should report the preferences of a character who is unknown to them in different situations. The results in the first study are variable, and it was difficult for participants to accurately report the preferred options of the character, even after watching that person choosing. However, all the participants in the second study were able to put themselves in the place of the character and accurately report on his/her preferences. The difference between the results in the two studies is analyzed in terms of the subject?s experience with the character and the prompts that ensure discrimination of the most relevant elements in the task.
Theory of Mind, Down?s Syndrome, Developmental Delay, putting oneself in another?s place.
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- [387-402] Implementation of the Personal and Social Responsibility Model to Improve Self-Efficacy during Physical Education Classes for Primary School Children
- [403-413] Spontaneous Recovery as a Dynamic Average of Previous Experiences in Human Instrumental Conditioning
- [415-426] The Impact of Perceived Therapist Characteristics on Patients Decision to Return or Not Return for More Sessions
- [427-437] Variables related to violent behavior in the school according to the students
- [439-451] Psychology of Meditation and Health: Present Status and Future Directions
- [453-474] Measuring Adolescents? Smoking-related Social Identity Preferences with the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) for the First Time: A Starting Point that Explains Later IRAP Evolutions
- [475-488] The Role of Experiential Avoidance in the Performance on a High Cognitive Demand Task
- [489-498] Memory Alterations in the Euthymic Phase of Adolescent Onset Bipolar Disorder: A Two-case Report.
- [499-512] Intergenerational Differences in Materialism and Postmaterialism Values in a Spanish Sample
- [513-520] Report on the 2009 Impact Factor of International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy